We can not change what MacDonald did or his attitude toward indigenous Canadians, but we can take a stand against further racism.
Citizens are demanding a full-scale evaluation of every former residential school property.
"But this learning must be done on the terms of the survivors. It is for the descendants of the children – including any living siblings, parents or even grandparents – and for their community to guide what happens next. They will let us know what we must do."
"Lofty rhetoric and mournful platitudes will not change the laws, policies and practices of governments that have resulted in the violations of the human rights of Indigenous peoples in the past and continue to do so today. We need deliberate, coherent and intentional action."
MP Jody Wilson-Rayborn offers her perspective https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/article-kamloops-residential-schools-unmarked-graves-a-painful-reminder-of-why/
Wonderful article. It's very useful. As a home tuition service provider, I really appreciate your post. Thanks for sharing this with us.
The starting date for the information release is next week. Let's see if the order is fulfilled. "B.C. Archives staff will act as a “neutral third party” and begin auditing records on July 1."
"The order of nuns that taught at the former Kamloops residential school, and others in the province, has agreed to provide access to their records that could help shine light on what happened there and how 215 children ended up in unidentified graves."
An excellent read.
Children were not returned to their families when they were released from residential homes.
"As residential schools close, thousands of Indigenous children are taken from their families by provincial and federal social workers and placed in foster or adoption homes. Often these homes are non-Indigenous. Some children are even placed outside of Canada."
Woman wielding knife killed by police!
An autopsy will be held in December. We hope there is a competent “Use of Force” expert present.
1. Nine year old Vicky Stewart of the Tsimshian nation was killed at the United Church residential school in Edmonton on April 9, 1958 by school matron Ann Knizky, who hit Vicky over the head with a two by four. The RCMP refused to press charges against either Knizky or the United Church, and threatened Vicky`s family with imprisonment if they pursued the matter.
2. Margaret Sepass was raped and then beaten to death by an Anglican priest named John Warner on December 5, 1969, at St. Michael’s Indian school in Alert Bay, British Columbia. Margaret was nine years old. Her burial site is unknown and John Warner was never charged.
3. On January 5, 1938, Albert Gray was beaten to death by Reverend Alfred Caldwell of the United Church of Canada when Albert took a prune from a jar without permission. Albert was eleven years old. His body was buried in secret behind the Ahousat Indian school and Alfred Caldwell was never charged.
4. On December 24, 1946, the same Principal Caldwell kicked 14 year old Maisie Shaw to her death down a flight of stairs at the United Church`s Alberni residential school, as witnessed by Harriett Nahanee. The RCMP covered up the murder.
5. On April 3, 1964, Richard Thomas was sodomized and then strangled to death by Catholic priest Terence McNamara at the Kuper Island Indian school. Richard was buried in secret in an orchard south of the school, and Terence McNamara, who is still alive, was never charged.
6. Elaine Dick, age 6, was kicked to death by a nun in April of 1964 at the Squamish Indian school in Vancouver. The RCMP refused to press charges when requested by the victim`s family.
7. Daniel Kangetok, age 4, was infected with an untreatable virus as part of a Defense Research Board experimental program funded by the Canadian military. He was left to die at the Carcross Anglican residential school in the Yukon, in February of 1971.
8. David Sepass, age 8, was pushed down some stairs by a priest at the Kuper Island catholic school and left to die, early in 1958.
9. A newborn Cree baby was burned alive by a senior priest at the Catholic Muscowegan Indian school near Regina in May of 1944, as witnessed by Irene Favel. The priest was never charged.
10. Susan Ball, age 5, starved to death in a closet at the United Church Edmonton residential school during the winter term of 1959, after being confined there by a church matron for speaking her own language.
11. Pauline Frank, age 8, died from medical experimentation performed by Canadian army researchers at the Nanaimo Indian Hospital in March of 1972. Her body was buried in secret on the grounds of the hospital, which is still restricted military property.
12. Albert Baptiste, age 9, died from electric shocks from a cattle prod wielded by a catholic priest at the Mission residential school over Christmas in 1951.
13. Nancy Joe, age 14, died from involuntary drug testing by military doctors at the Nanaimo Indian hospital in the spring of 1967.
14. Lorraine white, teenager, was gang raped by United Church residential school staff and left to die, Port Alberni, summer of 1971.
15. Eighteen Mohawk children, all under the age of sixteen, were shot to death by Canadian soldiers outside Brantford, Ontario, in the summer of 1943, as witnessed by Rufus McNaughton. The children were buried in secret in a mass grave.
16. Johnny Bingo Dawson, an eyewitness to crimes in Anglican residential schools and a leader of protests against these criminal churches, died of injuries from a police beating after being threatened by them, in Vancouver on December 9, 2009. Official cause of death was alcohol poisoning, despite the absence of alcohol in his blood.
17. Ricky Lavallee, the eyewitness to Bingo’s beating by the Vancouver police, died of a blow to his chest in early January of 2011.
18. Harriett Nahanee, the first eyewitness to a residential school murder to go public, died after mistreatment in a Vancouver jail, February, 2007.
19. Nora Bernard, the first aboriginal in Canada to sue the Catholic church for residential school crimes, was murdered in December of 2007 on the eve of Canada`s official spin doctoring of the residential school genocide. … and more than 50,000 others, all of them children. No-one has ever been charged or tried under Canadian law for any these killings. And the criminal government and churches responsible for this mass murder have been legally absolved of any responsibility for them under Canadian law. Nothing has been healed. Nothing has been reconciled. Justice has been exterminated as completely as these innocent victims.
**Pictured is Victoria Stewart 1949-1958**
Thank you Harold Joseph and Sheena Kennedy for sharing.
Andrea Bocelli offers this appropriate piece.
"It was the best Christmas."
"One year during the Christmas season, Sister [Mother Superior Sister Catherine of the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration] was marching down the cellar steps to check if we stole any food. She fell on the bottom step-Crash! She hit her head bad! Not long after, she died."
The above was told to Mary Annette Pember by her mother who, as Mom says, "Survived civilization."
Images courtesy of Bad River Historic Preservation Office and Mary Annette Pember
Journalist Pember documents the many conversations between her and her mother as well as other survivors of residential schools on the Ojibwe reservation in Odanah, Wisconsin.
Pember's drive for the truth took her to the Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin where she found records of her mother's attendance in the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions records.
The move to wipe out Native American culture began in 1819 with the Civilization Fund Act, its assimilationist policies and forced attendance at boarding schools.
Like Canada's John MacDonald, America's objective was genocide.
Photo credit R.G. Miller
Read more of Annette Pember's discoveries, her mother's reaction to the multitude of questions about the atrocities and Pember's interviews with Canadian residential school survivors. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2019/03/traumatic-legacy-indian-boarding-schools/584293/
Our appreciation to Ms. Pember and The Atlantic for this education.
"Tk'emlúps te Secwépemc Chief Rosanne Casimir said the band’s findings are preliminary and a full report is expected to be completed by the end of June, which will be shared with band members, home communities of residential school students and the media."
"Transport Canada has issued a notice banning all air traffic, including drones, from flying lower than 500 feet above the Kamloops Indian Residential School area on the Tk’emlups reserve." https://www.kamloopsthisweek.com/news/transport-canada-declares-no-fly-zone-above-former-kamloops-indian-residential-school-area-1.24326930
The solution is really this simple.
How do we change the RCMP's attitude toward Canada's First Nations?
Will the recent revelation in Kamloops prompt action from RCMP Commissioner Lucki?
More needs to be done to weed out the racists, misogynists and sexual assailants and teach personal interaction at Depot because whatever their course configuration is, it is certainly not producing what Canada needs in a federal police force.
"Statue of Egerton Ryerson 'will not be restored or replaced' after it was toppled at downtown rally."
"Egerton Ryerson is widely known for his contributions to Ontario's public educational system. As Chief Superintendent of Education, Ryerson's recommendations were instrumental in the design and implementation of the Indian Residential School System."
And yet there will be those who claim changing the school's name will not reverse history and therefore should stay.
Here is what Canada is doing to educate and support.
TORONTO -- After the remains of 215 children were found on the grounds of a former residential school in Kamloops, B.C., grief rippled through Indigenous communities across the country amid renewed calls for further investigations and government action.
Canadians can help residential school survivors by donating to Indigenous-led organizations and learn more about the legacy of the school system that saw the deaths of thousands of Indigenous children. Here are some ways to do that:
The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
Long before the horrifying discovery in Kamloops, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission called upon the Canadian government to provide funding to locate the children who died in residential schools. This call to action was published in 2015.
A good place to start educating yourself is finding out more about the land we now call Canada. There is an app that non-Indigenous Canadians can use to see whose territorial land they are on. They can use the interactive map to look up territories, languages and treaties. Find out more about where you live here.
The University of Alberta offers a free online 12-module course on Indigenous history and contemporary issues. The University says thousands of people enrolled when Canadian actor Dan Levy participated in 2020. The popular course, launched in 2017, is available online. Students can register here.
WHERE TO DONATE
Many Indigenous organizations that help residential school survivors could benefit from more donations. If you have the means to donate, here are a few to consider:
Indian Residential School Survivors Society
The Indian Residential School Survivors Society is a British Columbia-based organization that has been providing services to residential school survivors for over 20 years. It started out by helping residential school survivors navigate the court systems and has since expanded to help descendents of residential school survivors and engaging in community education for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. You can donate here.
A helpline for residential school survivors can be reached at: 1-866-925-4419.
National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
The National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation provides educational resources for Canadians to learn more about residential schools across the country. Donate here.
Legacy of Hope Foundation
The Legacy of Hope Foundation works to educate people on residential schools and the Sixties Scoop and the intergenerational impact that these traumatic events had on Indigenous people. You can find ways to donate here.
Orange Shirt Society
Orange Shirt Society is a B.C.-based group that aims to educate people on intergenerational impacts of residential schools. It offers resources for teachers for Orange Shirt Day, held every year on Sept. 30. Donate here.
Reconciliation Canada works to educate people about Indigenous life and history to teach non-Indigenous people about reconciliation and strengthening relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. You can donate here.
First Nations Child and Family Caring Society
First Nations Child and Family Caring Society aims to provide quality education to First Nations youth and families. It aims to promote the rights of First Nations children and families. You can donate here.
Canadian Roots Exchange
The Canadian Roots Exchange is a youth-led organization that aims to empower young Canadians to stand in solidarity with Indigenous people. Donate here. https://canadianroots.ca/monetary-donations/
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami is an Ottawa-based organization aiming to improve the health and well-being of Inuit. Donate here.
Gord Downie & Chanie Wenjack Fund
The Gord Downie & Chanie Wenjack Fund works to provide education on the history of Indigenous people and the legacy of residential schools. Donate here.
Tsow-Tun Le Lum Society
The Tsow-Tun Le Lum Society works with residential school survivors and provides outreach and cultural support. They also provide a toll free line that Indigenous people in crisis or needing support can call at 1-888-403-3123. Donate here.